Type 2 diabetes can be described as a long-term disease in which your blood glucose, or sugar, is excessively high. The source of blood glucose is your diet and is intended to serve as the primary energy source. However, individuals with type 2 diabetes may experience an impaired functioning of this process. Instead, blood glucose accumulates in the bloodstream, which causes health issues.
The signs and symptoms associated with type 2 diabetes may gradually develop over an extended period of time.
Sometimes, the symptoms are so subtle that they may go unnoticed. Certain people may not show signs until they discover they have type 2 diabetes following the development of complications such as heart disease. Although it’s possible to suffer from type 2 diabetes and not even realize it, it’s essential to be aware of the signs and symptoms of this disease in the event that any symptoms do arise since early detection lowers the risk of developing complications.
Signs and Symptoms
Type 2 diabetes can impact multiple aspects of daily life. It also can affect the eyes, skin and gums. Sometimes these changes in daily functioning and health could be the first signs of type 2 diabetes.
going to the bathroom more frequently than usual could indicate type 2 diabetes. frequent urination is referred to as polyuria. Most of the time, the requirement to use the bathroom is more often during the night and is referred to as nocturia. You may have to urinate more often because your body produces more urine than usual. The excess glucose in people with type 2 diabetes may spill into their urine. The glucose itself attracts water into the urine. Since there’s more liquid to go out of your body, it will require more urination.
frequent Urination and excessive thirst often occur together in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Because increased glucose levels could result in more urination, your body will lose fluids in large amounts.so excessive thirst is a signal from The body to cope with the depletion of fluids The medical term used to describe excessive thirst is polydipsia.
An increased appetite than usual could indicate diabetes. Hunger is present even if you’ve had a meal. This condition is called polyphagia. The reason for this is the excessive loss of urine. Since glucose is letting out into the urine, so do the calories. The loss of calories could cause a feeling of hunger.
Unexplained Weight Loss and Exhaution
When you eat, your food is transformed into glucose. This glucose is meant to be transferred from the bloodstream into cells and converted into an energy source for your body.
However, with type two diabetes, this process doesn’t function effectively. Instead, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream, meaning that your body isn’t getting the energy it requires from glucose.
To gain the energy it needs, your body could start break down muscle and fat leading to weight loss. This also may cause mental or physical fatigue since insulin’s hormone cannot effectively move glucose so that it can be utilized for energy.
The changes in glucose levels could result in swelling of the tissues of your eyes. Because these tissues aid you in focusing, this can result in blurred vision. This condition is usually temporary. As your glucose levels, return to their normal range, swelling decreases, and your vision won’t be blurry.
Increase in Infections
A high glucose level makes it more difficult for the body’s immune system to protect against infections. Additionally, the excess glucose creates a conducive environment for bacterial growth leading to faster infection development.
Commonly occurring infections in people who have type 2 diabetes comprise disorders of the following:
- Ear nose throat
- Urinary tract
- Skin and soft tissue, particularly in the legs.
Infections aren’t just more prevalent and more frequent but they take longer to heal.
Skin problems can be an indication of diabetes. The causes of these problems are bacterial and fungal infections. Those who have Type 2 diabetes are more susceptible to contract it.
Itching is a skin-related issue that could indicate type 2 diabetes. The itching would be restricted to a specific part of the body. A yeast infection, dry skin or poor circulation could trigger the itching. If poor circulation is the reason for itching, the most sensitive areas might be the lower areas of the legs.
The bruises and cuts may require more prolonged healing than expected.
Your skin could also be dehydrated.
Unusual Feelings in Your Feet
The blood glucose levels excessively high for a long time can cause nerve damage. If your nerves have been damaged, you may notice changes in your sensation in different parts of your body. The term diabetic neuropathy refers to nerve damage.
The peripheral nerve damage is the most prevalent form of diabetic neuropathy. This can manifest as numbness, tingling and increased sensitivity or weakness. The symptoms usually begin at your feet, but they can be felt in your legs, hands, and arms. The problem usually gets worse over time.
Changes to Your Teeth and Gums
The effects of diabetes can alter your saliva in several ways potentially impacting oral health including your gums and teeth.
First, if you have diabetes, you could produce less salvia. Saliva partially fights gum disease and cavities by removing food particles.
there is less assistance in eliminating particles that cause cavities. Saliva contains minerals that safeguard your gums. less saliva, means less gum protection.
Second, High glucose levels may result in elevated glucose concentration in saliva, promoting plaque formation and increasing the risk of gum disease.
Gum disease can be classified into various severity stages ranging from gum swelling to loss of teeth. Gums that look, red, or bleeding may be signs of gum disease.
When to See a Healthcare Provider
If you are experiencing symptoms related to diabetes, it’s advised to consult a medical professional regarding glucose levels. The glucose levels can be assessed via blood tests and used to determine if you have type two diabetes.
It is possible not to show any indications of type 2 diabetes. This is why it is crucial for people who are susceptible to the condition to have their blood glucose levels checked. This includes people with prediabetes, at least 40 years old or with a close family member suffering from type 2 diabetes. untreated and undiagnosed type 2 diabetes could lead to health issues. While type 2 diabetes can’t be treated, a variety of strategies for managing it, from lifestyle modifications to medication, can help ease symptoms and avoid complications.
A Quick Review
Type 2 Diabetes is a prevalent condition characterized by high blood sugar. Sometimes, there may not be any signs associated with the disease. If there are signs they tend to develop slowly, and are not noticeable. including an increase in the frequency of urination and thirst or hunger. There may also be changes in your eye, dental and skin condition. If you think you are experiencing any signs of type 2 diabetes, you should consult a medical professional. Being able to detect the disease early is essential to get your blood sugar level under control and prevent any further complications.